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Liepāja Naval Port

Liepaja, Latvia

Liepāja Military Port – Karosta – occupies approximately one third of the total area of the city. It is a unique site not only in the history and architecture of Latvia, but of the whole world. It is a part of Liepāja City which at the end of the 19th century developed as an independent urban environment for the base of the Russian Imperial Navy.

In 1890 , upon the order of Russian Czar Alexander II, the construction of a sizeable fortress and military town began to the north of Liepāja City, initially it was called Emperor Alexander’s III Port. Only during the period of Latvian independence was it called the Naval Port. Emperor Alexander’s III Port was a fully autonomous settlement with its own infrastructure, electric power-station, water supply system, church and schools.

During the Soviet period, the Military Port was a closed territory, inaccessible even to the civilians of Liepāja.

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